Carry-over basis

The retention of an earlier basis in property even though the property has changed hands. This occurs most often in two instances: (1) someone acquires property by gift. The basis is the same as it was in the hands of the donor, adjusted upward for any gift taxes paid by the donor. (2) In a 1031 exchange, in which like-kind property is exchanged for other like-kind property in a sort of perfectly legal accounting sleight of hand, the basis in property acquired is the same as the basis in the property given up, even though both might currently have substantially different fair market values.

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